Anatolian Shepherd - a breed derived from the oldest mastiff-like dogs, which for thousands of years lived on the territory of Turkey. This is an exclusively working animal intended for human service, and such a pet can not sit idle. Taking a similar dog into the house, a person acquires not only an assistant, but also a great burden of responsibility. The dog does not suit newcomers and needs a special approach.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы анатолийская овчарка 2. Description of the breed Anatolian Shepherd
- Характер турецкого карабаша 3. The character of the Turkish Karabash
- Воспитание и обучение питомца 4. Pet education and training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Как и чем кормить питомца 7. How and what to feed the pet
- Условия содержания анатолийской овчарки 8. Conditions for keeping the Anatolian Shepherd
- Фото анатолийской овчарки 9. Photos of the Anatolian Shepherd
- Видео об анатолийской овчарке 10. Video about Anatolian Shepherd
- Выбор и покупка щенка анатолийской овчарки 11. Selection and purchase of an Anatolian Shepherd puppy
Origin of the breed
At home, the breeds of these dogs are called Anatolian Karabash, which translates as blackhead. Its roots go back centuries, it is believed that the appearance of the ancestors of these dogs occurred 6,000 years ago in the area that today's modern Turkey occupies.
The development of the breed was natural, the animals had to adapt themselves to the harsh mountain conditions. Anatolian Shepherd is a descendant of the most ancient breeds - Kangal, Akbash.
In the 70s, American breeders were interested in these dogs. They actively engaged in the development of the breed, developing a standard and caring for a good heredity. They began to cross the Turkish Kangal with representatives of other breeds, and the result was the appearance of the Anatolian Shepherd.
At home, these dogs are perceived as mestizo - a mixture of kangala and akbash, that is, they did not find their recognition here. But thanks to this work about the Turkish dogs learned the whole world, and today many dog breeders have the opportunity to get such an extraordinary pet.
Description of the breed Anatolian Shepherd
Much of the appearance of these dogs is taken from their ancestors - the ancient giant mastiffs inhabiting the Middle East. The growth of the male Anatolian sheep dog can reach 75-78 cm at the withers, and the weight varies from 50 to 69 kg. Bitches are slightly more compact, their height usually does not exceed 76.2 cm, and the mass - 59 kg.
Representatives of the breed are strong, powerful animals, heavyweights, with a daring, yet confident and calm character. They are proportionally stacked, have a colorful appearance, from which it breathes with strength and confidence.
The dimensions of the animal in no way indicate the awkwardness or sluggishness of such individuals. Sheepdogs from Turkey are easy to move, have fast movements and lightning fast reaction.
The standard suggests the following description of purebreds:
- The head is rather large, with a wide, flat skull and a moderate dividing furrow. The cranial box should not violate the overall proportionality of the addition.
- Muzzle in the form of a square, with black lips and powerful jaws. The sheep-dog has strong, strong teeth, forming a regular bite as a "scissors".
- Nose - the lobe is well expressed, pigmented with brown or black.
- Eyes - small, slightly spaced, almond-shaped, planted deeply, with a brown or golden amber iris. Look sharp, attentive, serious, you can immediately see that with this guard jokes are bad.
- Ears - medium, have the appearance of hanging triangles.
- The neck is well developed, powerful, like an arch, has a small suspension.
- The case is of a rectangular format, all proportions are preserved. The thorax is deep, the abdominal line is slightly taut. The neck passes into a well muscled back and an inclined groove.
- The tail is located high, long, folded into a ring, well pubescent.
- Extremities - powerful, straight, muscular, hindquarters stronger, better muscled; paws oval, fingers well curved, claws pigmented in black.
Quality of the coat and possible colors
The wool of the Anatolians may be short - 2.5 cm in length, or elongated - about 10.15 cm. According to the texture, the outer hair is flat, not wavy or twisted. Dogs have a thick, thick undercoat.
In the neck area, the coat is thicker, the fur tightly adheres to the skin, a small pinnatus is allowed in the ears, tail, and limbs. Too short coat, without undercoat, leads to disqualification of the animal.
Color can be any, but more often there are individuals with the following coat color:
- blue with a deer tone;
- white with biscuit.
But more preferable is the coat of the main tone with tan marks or pale shade with a dark mask on the face and ears.
The character of Turkish Karabash
Once the ancestors of "Anatolians" were successfully used for hunting large animals, including lions. In addition, they perfectly coped with the protection and protection of sheep, as if sleeping among the herd, the dog could jump in seconds and attack the attacker.
The breed is a worker, which means that its representatives have all the necessary character traits for their activities. Especially they have expressed guarding instincts and increased territoriality, which were developed in the ancestors of shepherds for centuries.
Such a pet quickly becomes attached to family members, gets acquainted with the property entrusted to him and livestock. He is boundlessly devoted, will protect the house and property until his last breath, but at the same time he is not accustomed to show his love and joy.
The dog is suspicious of strangers, he does not like when they approach him and try to contact him. If guests cause anxiety in the dog, then she can physically block their movements, not allowing them to approach the house and the owners.
To irritate the Anatolian sheepdog is not recommended, for aliens this may end badly. A dog can not only express his dissatisfaction with his voice and threatening posture, but also be able to bite a troublemaker. Day and night the family can be calm - the vigilance of the four-legged guard will not allow strangers to enter the local territory.
The pet has not forgotten about his shepherd's past and the household perceives as his herd - closely follows the movements. Particular attention is paid to children, but treats them not as their owners, but as "sheep" that require supervision. For the games of sheepdogs with children need to follow - yet, these are large animals that can injure the child because of their own size.
It is not recommended to keep Karabash with other large dogs, the dog will constantly show its leadership qualities, especially if you have two males of this breed. But smaller individuals and even cats will not cause the dog aggression, of course, if the shepherd is properly nurtured.
Representatives of this breed are brave and vigilant guards, so it is recommended to use them for their intended purpose.
Pet education and training
As already mentioned, it is not recommended to start such a serious pet to a person without experience. The dog must be raised from puppyhood - regularly and consistently. Anatolian Shepherd is not deprived of independence, he likes to think about assignments, but he is fully educated.
It is important to get the shepherd to obey and execute the commands correctly. Like all the other former "shepherds," Karabash can make its own decisions, which it will do if the master does not accustom it to obedience.
The ancestors of dogs for a long time dispensed with communication with people or other animals, so their descendants need to develop sociability. An important aspect is early socialization, which instills in the pupil rules of good behavior.
Karabash is smart, if the owner can prove that he is the leader, the dog will listen to him. It is not difficult for him to master the basic program, which will greatly improve the interaction of the dog with the family and further training.
The Anatolian Shepherd is quite serious and does not tend to "loose" - if the dog barking, then there is a good reason for this. Also, the pet is devoid of propensity to damage property, but only if it is provided with some useful occupation. The dog will be happy to play with the children, guard them, carry bags and do other work.
Care and health
These large, stately animals are rather unpretentious. Twice a year they experience a profuse change of wool, and at this time it is recommended that the dog be combed using a rigid brush.
1-2 times a week, you should inspect the ears and eyes of the dog, if necessary, clean them from accumulated dust, dirt and discharge. The dog of this breed can have a plaque on the teeth, in this case they will need regular cleaning. Also, give the dog large bones and dentistry treats that help avoid problems with the dentition.
The period of growing up with karabashs is quite long, and therefore they have a longer immune system than other dogs. The body can resist infections only at 3 months of age, so it is important to vaccinate the pet in time.
In order for a dog to maintain a good physical shape, it is necessary to regularly walk with him, play, engage in his training. You can not keep a pet around the clock in the yard, he must see the world around him.
From the ancestors Anatolian sheep dogs got good health, and they do not have the majority of canine diseases, which suffer from representatives of large and giant breeds. They are not afraid of temperature changes, a change of scenery or intense physical activity.
But still some individuals develop the following pathologies:
- diseases of the organs of vision - more often it is entropion (eyelid twist);
- pathology of the joints (associated with a large weight of the animal and long limbs) or dysplasia caused by a lack of calcium.
If you put the vaccine in time and visit a veterinarian for routine examinations, then practically no problems will arise. With good care, the life expectancy of Turkish shepherds is 10-12 years.
How and what to feed the pet
Pets are unpretentious in everything, including nutrition. They can not be called karabashs, but they will gladly eat anything they get into a bowl. The owner has two options - to feed the dog with dry food rations or dishes made from natural products. Mixed the same type of feeding Turkish shepherds do not fit.
When purchasing a puppy, it is advisable for the owner to consult on this issue with the breeder, since a sharp change of diet will not do for the benefit of the baby. Initially, the pet is given food 4 times a day, by the year of transferring to a two-time regime. It is desirable that the feeding occurs twice a day.
When choosing food, preference should be given to high-quality products suitable for large, active breeds. Granules should be large and contain meat as the main ingredient. They should also include a daily rate of all the minerals necessary for the normal development and maintenance of the health of the pet.
The natural feeding of such a large dog is more troublesome, the owner will have to cook porridge daily with pieces of low-fat meat, seasoning with herbs and vegetable oil. In addition, dogs are given vegetables, fruits, eggs, sea fish and offal in boiled form, sour-milk products. It is important to supplement the diet with vitamin and mineral supplements.
The following meal should not fall into the bowl of the pet:
- raw river fish;
- fat meat;
- fish and chicken bones;
- sweets, pastries;
- spicy dishes and marinades.
The size of the portion should be adjusted, depending on the season - in winter the dog should receive a little more food, with natural feeding it should be more caloric, especially in frosts. But also you must not allow the dog to overeat and gain excess body weight.
Conditions for keeping the Anatolian Shepherd
A dog of this breed is not an apartment option, the pet will feel most comfortable on the local territory, behind a reliable fence. Against the housing content, one more fact says - molting Karabashi is very abundant, spreading wool throughout the house.
To keep the Anatolian sheepdog on the chain is impossible, this will negatively affect the behavior - it becomes unnecessarily aggressive, uncontrollable. A pet needs a place where it can move freely. For this it is recommended to arrange a pet for a spacious aviary.
A pet can be a member of the house, this will provide it with additional communication with the household. But most of the time he still better be on the street. Do not worry about the fact that the pet will freeze - the sheepdog has an excellent coat that protects it even from the most severe frosts.
Photo of Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Video about Anatolian Shepherd
Selection and purchase of an Anatolian Shepherd puppy
An Anatolian, or Turkish, sheep-dog breed is not widely known, but in Russia there are both mono-nurseries and private breeders engaged in breeding purebred dogs. In Moscow there is one nursery, in which you can buy a thoroughbred puppy - Analkaya, http://mirkangalov.ru/feedback.html.
It is not recommended to purchase a puppy from casual breeders, as there are no guarantees in his health, purebredness, and most importantly - a stable psyche. If you need a pet for exhibitions, you should pay special attention to the puppy's external data, the more he corresponds to the characteristics, the higher the chances of his subsequent victories.
The price of puppies of this breed varies from 10,000 to 35,000 rubles, but the cost of offspring from champions can be much more expensive.
Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a dog that can be an excellent watchman, a guard, a friend. But it is not recommended to make a companion out of a pet, detracting from his working qualities and leaving him without the necessary physical exertion.