The American Pit Bull Terrier, or abbreviated Pit Bull, is one of the most controversial breeds in the world. Few dogs cause such disputes about whether they have the right to exist or not. All owners were distributed in two camps - some are confident that the representatives of this breed are safe creatures, while others believe that pit bulls are real killing machines and they have no place in the human world. And what actually turns out to be, what are these dogs?
- Историческое происхождение американских питбулей 1. The historical origin of the American pit bulls
- Описательные характеристики 2. Descriptive characteristics
- Характер питбультерьеров 3. Character pit bull terriers
- Содержание питбуля и необходимый уход 4. Pit bull content and necessary care
- Фото питбулей 5. Photo pit bulls
- Видео о питбуле 6. Pit Bull Video
- Стоимость щенков питбультерьера 7. Cost of Pit Bull Terrier puppies
The historical origin of the American pit bulls
Despite its name, there was a breed not in America. The first pit bull terriers lived on the territory of such countries as England, Holland, Spain, Italy, Ireland. But most of all the representatives of this breed were interested in American breeders, and I must say, they did a tremendous job of developing and improving the pit bulls.
The epoch of New time was marked by a great love of people for dog fights, and it was the pit-bull terriers that acted as fighters. In addition, they were successfully used as security guards and big game hunters. Studies have shown that as early as the 16th century there were dogs that looked like modern pit bulls.
Representatives of the breed are descended from highly militant purebred dogs - the English bulldog and the Staffordshire bull terrier, which were used to bait bears and bulls in the medieval arena. So, naturally, fighting qualities and American pit bull terriers are laid in blood. Naturally, while fighting was allowed, the breed was at its peak of popularity.
Such use of dogs could not but affect their reputation among ordinary people. When they were mentioned, an image of a dog with wild eyes and a bloody face appeared in front of his eyes. Of course, this adversely affected the distribution of the breed after it was officially forbidden to conduct battles with the use of animals.
There was a strong opinion that if the pit bull was not used for its intended purpose, it becomes dangerous for a person. The media intensively developed this idea, publishing many examples of accidents in which the culprit was a dog of this breed.
American citizens sought a ban on the breed, going to rally on the streets. It did not come to such a cardinal decision, and the breeders found a middle ground in the development of pit bull terriers in the new conditions. The basis for the further breeding of purebred pit bulls included two main criteria - the desire to win and a friendly attitude towards people.
The world canine federation has not yet recognized this breed, its standards have been developed and approved by the UKC (the oldest major dog breeders club). Until now, in many European countries, this breed is prohibited.
Despite the fact that American pit bull terriers did not receive recognition in the main canine organization, there are still certain standards, according to which the representatives of the breed are evaluated.
It looks like a pit bull - the personification of strength and excellent health. The body is sporty tightened, the developed muscles can be seen with the naked eye. Requirements for the breed, do not allow heaviness, dogs should be thin with the visualization of the rib bones.
Common external features characteristic of all pitbull dogs include:
- The color of the pitbull can be very diverse, except for marble and albino.
- The coat is smooth, short, with a shine, without undercoat.
- The head of this breed of dogs is large and wedge-shaped.
- The muzzle is voluminous, the pitas have powerful strong jaws and developed muscles in the cheek area.
- Planting ears high. Their arrest occurs solely at the request of the owners.
- The eyes of the pit bull terriers are small, widely spaced, and almond-shaped. Color under the standard is allowed any, only not blue.
- The dog's chest is wide and deep.
- Nose can be any color in harmony with the color of wool.
- The dog stands on strong, muscular paws , with wide hips .
- The tail is of medium length, thick at the base and tapering gradually towards the end.
- Male should weigh from 15.9 kg to 37.2 kg, females from 13.6 to 22.7.
- Height at withers for males is 40-42 cm, females - 37-40 cm.
Character pit bull terriers
Possessing not entirely peaceful ancestors and having their own fighting history, the pit bull terriers had the reputation of evil fighting dogs, not suitable for other purposes. Is this really the case?
For decades, breeding work with the breed was aimed at cultivating the spirit of competition and readiness to fight in dogs, but at the same time it was considered unacceptable to show aggression towards people.
Yes, there is some anger in the blood of such dogs, but it is aimed exclusively at other animals. As for people, here the American pit bull terriers are friendly and easy to contact. They are very fond of affection. Of course, with special zeal, you can develop hatred towards a person in a dog, and it can be done quite easily. But to embitter in this way is not difficult to representative of almost any breed.
Among the positive qualities of a pitbull, one can point out an insightful mind, boundless courage and self-confidence. They often manifest themselves in dangerous situations, for example, they save people during fires, are substituted for bullets, protect their families from robbers.
When participating in competitions, pit bull terriers exhibit amazing performance and endurance. Possessing a huge amount of energy, they can play for hours without getting tired. In addition, they adore when the owner participates in their amusements.
They have no natural stubbornness, pit bulls gladly respond to training , performing any, even physically complex, tasks. On the contrary, such actions are necessary for good form and psychological state of the pet.
Pit Bull Terriers have a good reputation as companion dogs. They are good to children, allowing those to commit various pranks. But, given the strength of the dogs and the speed of their reactions, it’s still not worthwhile to leave the little children alone with such menacing animals.
Of course, this dog, as well as any other breed, has its own characteristics. Pit Bull Terriers are far from decorative dogs and require early education . It is necessary, even at puppy age, to stop their tendency to dominate. The dog must understand that the master is the master here. Of course, having such genetic baggage and physical development, an improperly educated dog can become a dangerous weapon.
It is worth knowing that the increased activity of pit bull terriers requires constant long walks, intense exercises. Otherwise, the dog begins to find its own, not always acceptable ways, for splashing out excess energy.
Since the time of fighting and hunting, the nature of these dogs laid the rejection of other animals. At this point, you should pay attention, especially if you want to take a pit bull, but there are already other pets at home. Of course, this does not apply to all members of the breed, there are, and often exceptions, but you need to be ready for this.
See also: how to call a pit bull .
Pit bull content and necessary care
A pit bull is an exclusively domestic dog that is not suitable for outdoor maintenance. Without an undercoat, the animal will simply die in the street. There are no special problems in an apartment or house, the main thing is to regularly walk and take a pet with physical exertion so that it does not spoil property from boredom.
During the heat, it is necessary to protect the pet from direct sunlight. Running under the scorching sun, the dog risks getting a heat stroke. A two- day walk is enough, but one of them should last at least an hour. This will be enough for the dog to spend the excess energy.
Hair care is needed, it is enough once or twice a week to process it with a special brush. In most cases, pit bulls grind off their own claws during street walks. However, if this does not happen, then it is recommended to trim them with special tweezers or claw cutters (read how to cut the dog's claws ). Ears should be regularly inspected and cleaned as they become dirty.
Read more about how to feed the pit bulls .
Pit Bull Video
Pit Bull Terrier Puppies Cost
Before you buy a puppy of an American pit bull terrier, you should know that it cannot be elite, and an inflated price is just a tricky move for the seller to get more profit. Only an adult dog, having received awards in competitions and diplomas in exhibitions, is considered elite and will be expensive.
Very rarely in the territory of the Russian Federation you can meet pit bull terrier puppies with pedigrees registered in international associations. The price of such copies can reach 25,000 rubles.
If puppies with a Russian pedigree are offered, then this is a hoax - the “RFK” did not recognize the existence of this breed. Therefore, the lion's share of pit bull terrier puppies is sold without documents, at a reasonable price from 4,000 to 12,000 rubles.
When buying a pit bull, it is important to understand that how he grows up - good or aggressive, depends more on the owner and his relationship with the pet.