The American Eskimo Spitz is a rather rare, miniature representative of Spitz, it is also called eske. The breed is young, its representatives have an attractive appearance, luxurious white hair, but at the same time they are deprived of the "refinement" of other decorative dogs. The little dog is very alert and brave, vociferous and active. Who is this four-legged friend?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы американский эскимосский шпиц 2. Description of breed American Eskimo Spitz
- Характер 3. Character
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Как ухаживать за эске 5. How to care for an eske
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Режим и рацион кормления 7. Mode and diet feeding
- Условия содержания питомца 8. Pet maintenance conditions
- Фото американского эскимосского шпица 9. Photos of the American Eskimo Spitz
- Видео об американском эскимосском шпице 10. Video about the American Eskimo Spitz
- Покупка щенка 11. Buying a puppy
Initially, the spitz appeared in northern European countries, like guard dogs. In the Middle Ages, they were widespread in Germany, Pomerania, Finland. Modest dimensions did not allow the doggies to delay the intruders, but this was not required of them. Such pets acted as "calls", making a fuss when invading strangers.
Spitz came to the territory of America with German immigrants, a wave of which was observed in the early 20th century. The owners did not want to leave their pets and took them with them when they moved to a foreign country.
Americans liked these gentlemen, so their number grew. The Second World War had a negative impact on everything that had to do with Germany, so the breed was given a different name - the American Eskimo Spitz or Eski.
Documents for Spitz were introduced in 1958, but so far they have not been divided into varieties. A separate, officially recognized breed Eski became in 1995, when they were registered by the American Cynological Club.
Description of breed American Eskimo Spitz
Eski is a small or medium sized doggie, compact and solid. There are three breed varieties that differ only in size:
The breed is not recognized by the international canine organization, so the description of the representatives exists only according to general data:
- The head is rounded, medium-sized, with a moderately sloping forehead, smoothly passing from the neck to the neck. The bridge of the nose is straight, the muzzle is “dry”, tapers to the nose, there is adorning coat. Jaws elongated, in the form of a triangle.
- The lips are thin, black, the mouth of a decent depth, with strong, small teeth, which are closed according to the type of "scissors", the tongue is pink.
- Nose “faceted”, slightly protrudes before jaw, black tone.
- The eyes are small, almond-shaped. The shade of the iris may be dark brown or black, the first color is preferable. There are spitz-dogs with different or blue eyes, which are considered pure-bred, but are at risk for health. The eyelids are black.
- Ears in the shape of a triangle, standing, with slightly rounded ends.
- The body is strong, compact, rectangular, with a deep, wide chest and elongated ribs. The back is straight, proportionate, well muscled. The shoulder girdle is slightly wider than the croup. The pelvic region is strong, not elongated, slightly rounded along the line of the spinal column.
- The limbs are harmonious, even along the entire length, possess strong articular joints. Thighs slightly elongated, with developed muscular tissue.
- The tail in a quiet form twists in a ring or a half ring, if you straighten it, then along the length it will reach the hock joints.
Wool and possible colors
As with other Spitz, Eski has a dense, profuse coat consisting of long, hard guard hair and a thick undercoat. In purebred dogs, it must be straight, without curl and wave. In the neck area, the coat of coat forms an elegant mane-like collar, on the face it is more shortened.
A purebred fur coat should be holistic, harmonious, it should not distort the proportions of the body in any way. There are only a few colors: snow-white and shades of white and creamy, milky tones. Specimens with wool of other colors are rejected.
Eske is a smart, energetic, playful dog who is very attached to his family members. She has natural guard qualities and is able to seriously engage in work.
Such a pet is not a sofa dog, but a protector of family and home. He fears strangers and will bark heartily so that the household knows about the arrival of the guests. Sometimes eske is so keen that you have to stop it.
Often among the representatives of the breed there are dominant individuals, so it is recommended to engage in the education and training of a pet as early as possible, literally from the first moments of its appearance in the house. In addition, classes are necessary so that the dog does not get bored, because with a lack of load, it becomes noisy, harmful, a real destroyer.
Eske is a great option for families with children, only a dog will not tolerate bullying from kids or an older child. With a friendly attitude, the pet quickly approaches the younger family members, can play and frolic for hours.
Similar doggie can be kept with other animals - dogs and even cats. But rodents, birds and other small animals - not the best company for the Spitz - they will always be considered solely as prey.
Pet is very curious and inquisitive, without his participation will not pass any event in the house. The spirit of an explorer lives in it, an eske will look into every corner of the house, in every package or closet, trying to find something new and interesting.
The dog requires attention and affection, if he feels lonely, abandoned, then you should wait for trouble - the spitz can behave obnoxiously, performing minor dirty tricks. He does this not out of harm, but only to attract attention.
Being the center of attention is what these cute little dogs adore. Young eske - a bunch of irrepressible energy, the matured animal becomes more calm and affectionate.
Education and training
The American Eskimo dog can master the most difficult skills thanks to thoughtfulness and advanced intelligence. There is a lot of evidence that the dogs of this breed were active participants in circus performances. Then they traveled with circus troupes and amazed enthusiastic spectators with their abilities.
But a sharp mind is not always good, as “thinking” dogs become quite independent. Eske is a “free-thinker”, so it is important to teach him to obey as soon as possible. Without proper upbringing, the dog will always be cunning, achieving his own by any means. As in the case of large dogs, the owner should be the leader for the pet - self-confident and incorruptible.
Eski is very easy to inspire learning, especially if you hold classes in a game form and promptly encourage the "student". A variety of activities will warm the pet's interest and facilitate the learning process. An important aspect is socialization - the pet must get acquainted with other people and animals, so that in the future it will not behave aggressively towards them.
The Eskimo Spitz has an excellent sense of smell, thanks to which dogs of this breed are used for customs inspections. Such a pet needs active, long walks, classes, games. Otherwise, the dog will gain excess weight and it will be dirty.
How to care for eske
The Spitz has a luxurious, thick coat that needs regular combing. The procedure is carried out 3-4 times a week, otherwise it will become lumpy and become much less attractive. Combing the coat will get rid of dead hair, mats and give it shine.
The eskimo has sensitive skin, therefore, it is not bathed more than once every six months, using mild detergents. Washing a dog with shampoos for people faces serious dermatological problems. On this occasion, it is better to consult with a veterinarian who will help you choose an effective hygienic tool.
It is important to regularly treat the dog for outdoor parasites. Especially carefully you need to be in the warm seasons, carefully examining the pet's skin after walking in the woods, parks for the presence of mites and other blood-sucking insects.
Every month, a pet should be clipped to claws, inspect and clean the ears from contamination, preventing the spread of infections. At the first sign of pet inflammation, show the vet. Regular vaccination also helps prevent and protect the spitz from various pathologies.
The American Eskimo Spitz - owners of good health, but they still have a tendency to some diseases. More often, the representatives of the breed suffer from the eyes, often dogs diagnose progressive atrophy of the retina and cataracts. White-eyed blue-eyed individuals are often born blind.
Due to the high sensitivity of wool, Eski are prone to dermatitis. In addition, the hereditary disease is hip dysplasia, dogs with a similar diagnosis are removed from the breeding.
When acquiring a puppy, you should carefully consider the choice of the breeder, it is advisable to look at the parents' documents and make sure that they have no diseases - dysplasia, hypothyroidism, thrombopathy and other genetic disorders.
Mode and diet feeding
Owners can feed their pet with natural food or ready-made rations. In the first case, the basis of the diet is fresh, lean meat - veal, beef, if the dog is not allergic, then chicken. The portion is calculated as follows: 25 g per kilogram of weight.
Meat can be given with buckwheat or rice porridge, stewed vegetables - zucchini, pumpkin, carrots, cauliflower. Milk and cottage cheese are given to puppies; in the menu of adult dogs, the first product is replaced with kefir, yogurt, yogurt.
You can not give your pet products from your own table, as this is a sure way to disrupt the digestion of the animal. The list of prohibited products includes the following:
- smoked meat;
- fried, pickled, salted dishes;
- fancy bakery products;
- fatty meats and fish;
- potatoes, beets;
- cereals from millet, pearl barley, decoy;
- mushrooms and broths from them.
It is strongly recommended that spitzs not give bones that can damage the walls of the esophagus and spoil tooth enamel. It is mandatory to introduce vitamins and minerals necessary for the full development of the pet.
It is simpler and more convenient to use production rations for feeding dogs. Their advantages include a balanced composition, accurate dosing and the ability to select it individually. But this only applies to premium and super premium products that meet all the requirements and are made from high quality raw materials.
Pet maintenance conditions
Most often these snow-white beauties are kept in a house or apartment, which, in fact, is correct. In warm climates, they live well outside, but their wool is more often polluted and looks less neat.
Pet traditionally allocate space, put bowls for food and water. A large territory does not require such a crumb. But walking with a doggie, being kept in an apartment, should be more and longer. He should receive a normal physical activity and throw out the accumulated energy.
Photos of American Eskimo Spitz
Video about the American Eskimo Spitz
Buying a puppy
In Russia, there are many nurseries and breeders who breed Pomeranian Spitz, but those who work with the American Eskimo Spitz will have to look. Here the breed is quite rare.
It is advisable to find a responsible seller who can provide certificates for each of their wards. Future owners should be aware of the health of not only the puppy, but also its parents.
If you buy esque on the market, you can not only purchase a mongrel baby, but also a sick animal with genetic disorders. What the buyer wins in this case is only a low price, but subsequent treatment can be much more expensive.
It is not recommended to take a puppy younger than 2 months of age. The chosen kid must be active, play and frolic. Already at this age, the dog shows curiosity, begins to bark at strangers, showing protective qualities.
Eske matures for quite a long time, they are almost 2 years old puppies. Therefore, during this period, they rather easily transfer the change of ownership. Later in this case, all sorts of difficulties may arise, since we are already talking about deep affection.
If we consider other breeds of Spitz, the American Eskimo are relatively inexpensive. You can buy a puppy for the soul for 17000-20000 rubles. Kids suitable for breeding, are 22000-35000 rubles. If you need a puppy for future participation in exhibitions, the price may increase to 50,000 rubles and above.
The American Eskimo Spitz is a stern, watchful guard, but amazingly charming. Therefore, it is important for the owner to remember that it is impossible to pamper your pet strongly, but excessive severity will not be beneficial. Yes, it is small, but deserves respect.