Representatives of this breed, definitely, cause positive emotions - dogs are beautiful, harmoniously composed and self-confident. But the future owners of the American Akita should know - these handsome men have a very difficult character and they have absorbed the temperament of their Japanese relatives. Therefore, you should not choose a pet, based on their appearance - it is better to weigh their own capabilities.
- История происхождения породы 1. The history of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы американская акита 2. Description of American Akita breed
- Характер 3. Character
- Дрессировка 4. Training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Чем кормить американскую акиту 6. How to feed the American Akita
- Фото американской акиты 7. Photo of American Akita
- Видео об американской аките 8. Video about American Akita
- Сколько стоит щенок американской акиты 9. How much is a puppy American Akita
- Питомники американской акиты 10. American Akita Kennels
The origin of the breed
The American Akita is a descendant of dogs from Japan and English Molossian breeds. According to some sources, these dogs belong to the oldest dogs, the images of which were found on products belonging to the period before our era. But the breed itself is relatively new, its appearance is associated with the opening of Japanese ports in 1854. Then foreigners began to visit the country en masse, and the dogs of the local aboriginal breeds spread throughout the world.
Once in the States, the Akita immediately attracted the attention of breeders who started breeding, and then improving the qualities of the representatives of the breed. The Second World War turned out to be a critical period for the population of the native Akita. Most of the dogs were destroyed, but a small number left the borders of the United States - they were considered to be American dogs with Japanese origin.
Then the blood of larger and more powerful dogs was added to the breed, bullmastiffs , English mastiffs and other molossi were used in the work. Subsequently, in the homeland started to restore the breed, it was introduced a restriction on the color of wool in favor of traditional colors. But the Americans have relied on the breeding of larger dogs with spotted coat, which differed in appearance from the Japanese Akita Inu .
Description of American Akita
Yes, Japanese and American Akita - relatives and have some of the same features of the exterior, but the Americans have larger dimensions and a variety of shades of wool. In addition, in Akita from America, the head has a shape similar to an obtuse triangle, it is larger and wider than its Japanese counterpart. The dog has an even pronounced transition from the frontal region to the muzzle.
These are rather large dogs with a wide bone, the growth of males reaches 72 cm, the bough is 5 cm smaller. The weight of the American Akita is 65-70 kg, while the mass of the Japanese does not exceed 45 kg. The standard describes the breed in this way:
- The eyes of this dog are small, with a hazel iris. The nose is black, but white dogs may have a brown pigmentation.
- Auricles are small, in a standing position and have a slight bend forward.
- The neck is strong, with developed muscles.
- The limbs are massive, strong, arranged in parallel, ending in large legs with fleshy pillows. The tail is curled with a ringlet, covered with fluffy wool.
Coat straight, thick, with abundant undercoat, in the region of the head and limbs, it is somewhat shorter. It is allowed to distinguish the length of the coat, but as for colors, they can be any. If the individual is spotted, the spots must necessarily have clear boundaries and uniform coloring. The coat and undercoat colors may, but need not be the same.
In addition to the American Akita with ordinary wool, the long-haired variety was accidentally obtained, it is also called the Akita longline. These representatives have elongated fur, which forms “pants” on the limbs and a more abundant coating on the legs, ears and tail. The long-haired Akita is today considered the result of a genetic failure, and the likelihood of such a puppy in parents with normal hair always exists.
Once the Japanese Akita were used to hunt large animals, they guarded the palaces and served as bodyguards. Naturally, the "Americans" inherited some traits and innate instincts.
American Akita are independent dogs with psychological stability. Experts warn that if the choice of the first pet in life is to be done, then you should not give it to Akita in favor - the representatives of this breed need an experienced owner with a strong hand.
Such a pet will not tolerate negligence and rudeness. It should always remain calm and leadership position. In addition, the Akita needs the attention of the owner, communication is necessary for it, as air. Akita can be called a peace-loving dog that barks extremely rarely. If the dog gives a voice, then something really happened. The dog is indifferent to strangers and sincerely attached to those with whom he often meets.
If the owners are waiting for the guests, then the pet will meet them culturally, but if someone invades the dwelling when the owners are not at home, then he will not be happy. It is not recommended to keep a dog of this breed with other pets, as the Akita may show aggression towards them. It is better to walk the pet on a leash, as it can show disobedience, rush around the site, scaring birds and other animals.
Akita are good for small owners, especially if the puppy grew up with them. But still not worth the kids leave alone with the pet. And, besides, a noisy and agile child can be considered a threat to the owner.
The American Akita will show loyalty to the master, but only if he deserves her respect. With the right approach to training and education, the dog will become a faithful four-legged comrade. And if we let these processes go to chance, turn into a hooligan, a little controlled dog.
It is difficult to train an Akita, and without knowledge of the characteristics of the breed, it is almost impossible. Such a dog will not unconditionally perform tasks and do the same thing 100 times. Before executing the command, the pet will analyze the situation and draw its own conclusions. If he decides that the action is useless, he will not waste his own strength, energy and time.
Naturally, knowing such nuances, the owner is ready for the fact that the training will take a long time, will require a lot of patience and will be a test of the owner’s self-control. If this turns out to be problematic, then you should not start an American Akita as a pet, and choose someone more coherently.
The best form for training Akita is play, and in addition to this, the owner should learn to understand his pet. Pet does not like monotonous training, which include the same type of exercises. The dog will quickly lose interest and refuse to participate in such an event. As soon as he gets bored, you should distract him with a toy or give him a snack.
The fact that it can immediately discourage any desire to learn from Akita is the use of physical force. She is not only offended, but also angry with the owner, and it will be extremely difficult to arrange her pet and restore trust. Akita is a dog of mood, and if she does not want to do it, then it is better to accept it and in no case insist.
Care and health
Akita is a universal dog, due to its character and cleanliness, it can be easily maintained in a residential environment. She is silent, has no unpleasant smell and does not require much space. However, many owners keep an American Akita on the street, and this is also a valid option. Representatives of the breed have thick fur that protects them from the scorching rays of the sun and severe frosts.
Of course, an apartment dog will need more frequent and longer walking tours than a pet who lives in the local area. But even if an Akita is contained on the street, she needs to communicate with family members, especially the owner. Do not isolate the dog, as this will cause stress .
Another nuance - the representatives of this breed are very freedom-loving and at the slightest chance make shoots. Therefore, when the street maintenance is to take care of a strong high fence and provide the likelihood of undermining. On runners, the owners must keep their ears open, since these pets are quite belligerent and it does not cost them to fight a fight with their own kind.
Akita has a pronounced quality of dominance, so it gets along only with those dogs that will take it as a leader. But smaller animals, including the cat, will be considered as a hunting trophy.
Caring for Akita standard - her wool is not “whimsical” and it is enough to comb it 1-2 times a month. Like other dogs, representatives of this breed are subject to seasonal molting , and at this time the number of combing can be increased. But this is more true for pets in the apartment.
If the pet belongs to the show class and is a regular participant in exhibitions at various levels, then you can visit the beauty salon with your dog to bring his coat in order before the event. Teeth, ears and claws also need attention. It should be regularly inspected and processed when necessary. Most often the claws grind off themselves, but if this does not happen, then you should purchase a special claw cutter and trim them as they grow.
It is important to know:
- how to properly teach a puppy to a leash ;
- how to choose a lounger for a dog ;
- how to improve the immunity of the dog .
What to feed American Akita
The owners have a choice - to feed the dog with natural food or ready-made rations. In the latter case, you should choose a premium and super premium class feed, based on the size and age of the pet. For Akita, food with fish components is quite suitable. A quality product is a complete meal that does not require additional sources of vitamins and trace elements.
With natural feeding, the puppy can be given the following:
- low fat calcined curd;
- dairy products - kefirchik, yogurt, yogurt;
- boiled egg - chicken or quail;
- chicken or fish in boiled form.
Akita are often lovers of fruit, they can be treated to slices of apples, pears, bananas, berries - depending on the preferences of the pet. It is important to accustom the baby to the regimen, gradually reducing the number of meals by six months to 3 times, and after 3 months to transfer to adult, 2 meals a day.
You can not overfeed the dog, and if food remains in its bowl, then a single portion should be reduced. The diet of an adult dog may consist of the following products:
- The meat portion (700 g) can be veal, beef, chicken, turkey, horse meat. But pork and lamb is better not to give, it is too fatty product.
- Cereals (350g) - porridges are boiled with vegetables, meat, can be seasoned with vegetable oil and add chopped greens. Buckwheat and rice porridge are best.
- From 300 to 500 g are vegetables, fruits, dairy products. It is better to give vegetables fresh and prefer seasonal varieties that contain more vitamins.
The daily portion is divided into 2 parts, as useful additives in the diet can include the following:
- Sea dried cabbage - provides the beauty and color of the coat.
- Chicken eggs are good for wool.
- Low-fat species of sea fish - a source of fatty acids and trace elements - 1-2 times a week, it can be replaced by the meat part, but by increasing its volume.
As for vitamin supplements, they should be given to a pet only after consulting a veterinarian.
See also : what can not feed the dog .
Photo of American Akita
Video about American Akita
How much is a puppy American Akita
On the territory of Russia, representatives of this breed can be found quite rarely, and if Japanese akits are still found, then American ones are very rare. But still in large cities there are nurseries breeding such beauties. The cost of puppies depends on what class puppies belong to:
- You can buy a puppy without a pedigree for 10,000-12,000 rubles. Of course, there are risks to get a bloodthirsty animal or a puppy with vices.
- Pet-class puppy, which is not suitable for breeding due to any deviations from the standard, but healthy, will cost about 15,000 rubles.
- Kids who have both a pedigree and admission to mating, but because of minor flaws who are not capable of becoming champions at exhibitions, are in the area of 20,000-30000 rubles.
- If you need a highly bred dog that will become the owner of various titles, then it is worth choosing a puppy from the segment of the offspring of the show class from titled parents. The minimum price of such a treasure is 50,000 rubles.
The American Akita is a large, hardy dog that knows its price and does not "spray" over trifles. Needless to say, its owner must be a determined and confident person. Only such a tandem - the pet - the owner, is doomed to successful interaction and will make of Akina a full-fledged family member - loyal and obedient.