Living side by side with a person in many ways affects friends of our four-legged people. Selective breeding of breeds, including random, leads to various gene mutations, dogs lose the health inherent in wild animals. Increasingly, pets have pathologies that have not previously been characteristic, including allergic reactions. Among food allergens not the last place is chicken. How does a chicken allergy manifest in dogs, and what can help get rid of a pet?
Signs of Food Allergies
Chicken meat is a natural source of animal protein that allergies can develop in some animals and people. But this does not mean that its symptoms will occur when eating any meat product. For example, lamb meat or rabbit practically does not provoke such a state.
If the cause of allergic manifestations was eating a dog chicken, then we are talking about food allergies. Regardless of the source - whether it is meat, fish or eggs, it has a number of common symptoms:
- pet is worried about severe skin itching;
- skin becomes covered with a rash - more often papules appear in the region of the anus, stomach, axilla, on the face;
- discharge from the eyes ("so-called," souring "), they begin to water;
- discharge from nose;
- muzzle may swell;
- moist areas of the skin appear (in the armpits and in the skin folds);
- the dog’s skin and coat give off a foul odor;
- damage to the outer ear and ear canal;
- disorders of the digestive processes - diarrhea.
Allergy - a pathological condition with a pronounced individual character. That is, while one dog may consume large quantities of a product, and it will be completely harmless to it, the other one even provokes unpleasant manifestations of food.
According to the data of the veterinary practice, there are breeds of dogs most prone to food allergies. This group includes Dachshunds, Labradors, Dalmatians, Shar Pei, Bulldogs, German Shepherds. Often, white-haired dogs suffer from this pathological condition.
As for allergens, in addition to chicken meat - raw or boiled, the pathological manifestation may be caused by the use of beef, eggs, soy, semolina, wheat cereal, dairy products. Often, allergies cause low-quality dry rations or treats, which include artificial additives.
Most often, after exclusion from the allergen menu, the symptoms of allergy to the pet go away. But in some cases, medical treatment is also required, as there is a risk of complications, including anaphylactic shock.
How is allergy diagnosed in dogs?
The first thing you need to do is identify the allergen. If a specialist suspects food allergies, then he offers to undergo special sensitivity testing. The owner is offered an extended formula consisting of 24 items, which he must choose independently. An allergist assesses the results and finds out what needs to be removed from the pet's menu, and what food is suitable for the dog.
Thanks to the test, all products will be divided into 3 categories:
- must be completely removed from the diet;
- give the dog with care;
- permitted food.
In addition, a differential diagnosis is needed to distinguish between true and false allergies. In the second case, the symptoms are due to histamine, which is produced by the immune system. But also this substance penetrates the body with food, and, as a result, immunity gives a pseudo-allergic response to the consumption of certain foods. The symptoms of both conditions are almost identical.
In this case, diet food is unlikely to help, since many foods containing a large amount of histamine or provoking its production are required to be removed from the diet. When a "false" allergy is assigned a specific diet, which gradually include such food, "accustoming" the body to it.
The list of sources of histamine poultry meat, including chicken, is not included, on the contrary, it is recommended to give the dog suffering from the manifestation of "pseudo-allergies".
Therapy for allergic manifestations
The basis of treatment is the correction of the diet, which is selected on the basis of test results. But they will have to wait for some time, and the dog needs regular feeding. What to do in this case so as not to harm the animal? You can adhere to the following principles:
- remove all the usual food from the dog's menu;
- not even give crumbs from your desk;
- to transfer the pet completely to separate nutrition, to give only one product per day that he had not eaten before - meat, porridge;
- no rewards in the form of treats.
Naturally, this type of feeding is a temporary solution to help figure out what caused the allergy. With this system, a new product is introduced into the diet gradually, 14 days after the previous one. When an allergen is detected, the diet does not change until the signs of an allergic manifestation disappear.
The following products have low allergenicity:
- lean fish;
- lamb, turkey;
- pears, apples;
- porridge - rice and buckwheat;
- fresh kefir, yogurt.
In some cases, a specialist may recommend to transfer your pet to special diets designed for allergic dogs. Here you may need to pass another sensitivity analysis, where the list will include the names of production feeds in this category and their composition.
Such food is not suitable for constant feeding of a pet, therefore, when the condition of the dog stabilizes, this food is replaced with preventive or regular. As can be seen, diet is an important aspect in the treatment of allergies in dogs, but medications can also be administered:
- antihistamine medicines (diazolin, suprastin, tavegil);
- antipruritic agents for external use: Stop itching, Alyusprey, before using them, areas with lesions should be treated with antiseptics;
- drugs with diuretic (diuretic) effects that promote the removal of excess fluid from the body, thereby eliminating puffiness;
- In addition, an immunomodulatory medication course may be prescribed.
All medicines are selected individually for each pet. Only a veterinarian can choose the most effective means.
Chicken can be quite a strong allergen and cause serious consequences, so it is important to contact a veterinarian in a timely manner to find out the reason and get competent help.