Life side by side with a man in many ways affects the friends of our four-footed. Selective breeding of rocks, including random, leads to different gene mutations, dogs lose the health inherent in wild animals. Increasingly, pets detect pathologies previously uncommon to them, including allergic reactions. Among food allergens, chicken is not the last place. How does the allergy to the chicken manifest in dogs, and what can help relieve her pet?
Signs of food allergy
Chicken meat is a natural source of animal protein, which in some animals and people can develop an allergy. But this does not mean that its signs will arise when using any meat product. For example, lamb or rabbit practically does not provoke such a condition.
If the cause of allergic manifestations is the eating of a chicken by the dog, then it is a food allergy. Regardless of the source - be it meat, fish or eggs, it has a number of common symptoms:
- the pet is disturbed by strong itchy skin;
- the skin becomes covered with a rash - more often papules appear in the area of the anus, abdomen, axillary depressions, on the muzzle;
- from the eyes appear discharge ("so-called," sour "), they begin to water;
- the discharge flows from the nose;
- muzzle can swell;
- there are wet skin areas (underarms and skin folds);
- The skin and hair of the dog exude an unpleasant odor;
- defeat of the external ear and auditory canal;
- disorders of digestive processes - diarrhea.
Allergy is a pathological condition with a pronounced individual character. That is, while one dog can consume the product in large quantities and it will be completely harmless for it, another even a piece of food provokes unpleasant manifestations.
According to veterinary practice, there are breeds of dogs most prone to food allergies. This group includes dachshunds, labradors, dalmatians, shar pei, bulldogs, German shepherds. Often from this pathological condition, dogs with white hair suffer.
With regard to allergens, then, in addition to chicken meat - raw or boiled, the pathological manifestation may be caused by the use of beef, eggs, soy, semolina, wheat porridge, sour-milk products. Often, allergies cause low-quality dry rations or goodies, which include artificial supplements.
Most often, after excluding the allergen from the menu, the symptoms of an allergy in the pet pass. But in some cases, medication is also required, since there is a risk of complications, including anaphylactic shock.
How is the allergy diagnosed in dogs
The first thing that needs to be done is to reveal the allergen. If an expert suspects food allergy, then he offers to undergo special testing for sensitivity. The owner is offered an extended formula consisting of 24 items, which he must choose independently. The allergist evaluates the results and finds out that you need to remove the pet from the menu, and what kind of food the dog is suitable for.
Thanks to the test, all products will be divided into 3 categories:
- must be completely removed from the diet;
- give the dog with caution;
- allowed food.
In addition, differential diagnosis is necessary, which makes it possible to distinguish true allergy from false. In the second case, the symptoms are due to histamine, which is produced by the immune system. But also this substance often enters the body with food, and as a result - the immunity gives a pseudoallergic response to the consumption of certain foods. Symptoms in both conditions are almost identical.
In this case, dietary nutrition is unlikely to help, since it is required to remove a lot of foods containing a large amount of histamine or provoking its production from the diet. With a "false" allergy, a specific diet is prescribed, which gradually includes such food, "accustoming" to it the body.
In the list of sources of histamine, poultry meat, including chicken, is not included, it, on the contrary, is recommended to give to a dog suffering from the manifestation of "pseudoallergia".
Therapy for allergic manifestations
The basis of treatment is the correction of the diet, which is selected based on the results of testing. But they will have to wait a while, and the dog needs regular feeding. How to act in this case, so as not to harm the animal? You can follow the following principles:
- remove all the food habitual for him from the dog's menu;
- do not give even crumbs from your table;
- to transfer the pet completely to separate food, to give a day only one product that he had not eaten before - meat, porridge;
- no encouragement in the form of goodies.
Naturally, this type of feeding is a temporary solution that helps to find out what caused the allergy. With this system, a new product is introduced into the diet gradually, 14 days after the previous one. When an allergen is detected, the ration does not change until the signs of an allergic manifestation disappear.
The following products have a low allergenicity:
- low-fat sea fish;
- lamb, turkey;
- pears, apples;
- porridge - rice and buckwheat;
- fresh yogurt, yoghurt.
In some cases, a specialist may recommend transferring a pet to special diets intended for allergy dogs. Here you may need to submit another sensitivity analysis, where the list will include the names of the production feeds of this category and their composition is indicated.
Such food is not suitable for the constant feeding of the pet, therefore, when the dog's condition is stabilized, this food is replaced with a preventive or usual one. As can be seen, diet is an important aspect in the treatment of allergies in dogs, but medicines can also be prescribed:
- antihistamines (Diazolin, Suprastin, Tavegil);
- antipruritic agents for external use: Stop-itching, Alusprey, before using them, the areas with rashes should be treated with antiseptics;
- drugs with a diuretic (diuretic) action, which help to remove excess fluid from the body, thereby eliminating puffiness;
- an additional course of immunomodulatory medication may be prescribed.
All medicines are selected individually for each pet. Pick up the most effective tool will only vetvrach.
Chicken can be quite a strong allergen and cause serious consequences, so it is important to contact the veterinarian in time to find out the reason and get competent help.