The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, or Alabai, is a large dog, from which it blows with strength and power. This breed has gone through centuries of natural selection and received from its ancestors all the best guard and fighting qualities. In addition, it is a proud and freedom-loving dog from Central Asia, which requires a certain experience from the owner. What are the features of the breed and how difficult is it to keep this animal?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Характеристика породы алабай 2. Characteristic breed Alabai
- Черты характера алабайских собак 3. Character traits of Alabai dogs
- Особенности ухода за алабаем 4. Features care for Alabai
- Чем кормить алабая 5. What to feed alaby
- Фото алабая 6. Photo alaby
- Видео алабая 7. Video alaby
- Сколько стоят щенки среднеазиатской овчарки 8. How much are Central Asian Shepherd puppies
The descendants of the Alabai are the most ancient Central Asian breeds - the Tibetan mastiff , the shepherd dogs of nomadic tribes and the fighting Mesopotamian dogs. Scientists have found evidence that Central Asian Shepherd Dogs already existed 2,000 years ago BC. Then they were powerful animals with short muzzle and strong jaws.
Throughout the entire period of existence, the Alabai were distinguished by excellent guarding qualities. They were actively used for the protection of large objects and placed on guard. Their abilities and skills are indispensable for protecting livestock from predators. Dogs fearlessly entered into a bout and at the same time came out victorious. Alabai are excellent hunters who can help in the extraction of the beast, much larger than them in size - a bear, a boar, and even an elephant.
In the 1930s, active work on the Alabai breed began on the territory of the USSR. Toward the end of the 20th century, a species of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog appeared - “Turkmen Alabai”. The breed has got accustomed, and to this day it is considered the best guard dog.
Characteristic breed Alabai
Possessing massive build, the Alabai still does not look awkward. In his body all proportions are observed, the movements are harmonious. It has volumetric muscles, but without relief, well developed chest. The stomach of dogs collected, lean. Clearly highlighted lumbar. The skin is dense, elastic.
Representatives of this breed are quite high - males at the withers range from 75 cm, females, ranging from 65 cm. In females, the torso is more oblong than males. Growth exceeding the norm is welcome if all proportions of the body and the animal are preserved. Weight varies in the range of 75-80 kg.
External distinctive features of Alabai are the following:
- Alabayev has a large , rectangular head , with a smooth transition from the frontal part to the muzzle, but pronounced brow ridges outwardly add sharpness to it.
- The muzzle of the dogs of this breed is quite massive, practically has no taper to the nose. Central Asian jaws are strong, with thick lips and large teeth, covered with bright white enamel.
- Limbs , that the rear, that the front, straight, with developed muscles and rounded, heavy legs.
- Alabai have very thick hair with abundant undercoat. Breed standards allow dogs to have a short, tight coat, and are up to 10 cm long. In the latter case, it forms a kind of mane, bushy tail, pants on the paws, and towing in the ear area.
- The tail at Alabai thick, has a high landing. In most cases, the puppies stop the ears and tail in the first day after they were born. This has been done since time immemorial in order to deprive a pet of the most unprotected areas of predatory animals. But today these actions are not obligatory, since the absence or presence of the tips of the ears or the tail is absolutely not affected by the exhibition ratings. Sometimes there are individuals born with a short tail.
- The eyes of the pedigree specimens are small, far set, usually looking carefully and somewhat wary. The nose, in any coat color, is black.
There are several colors of the Central Asian Shepherd: black, fawn, gray, brindle and red. Marriage is the wool of chocolate shades and blue, as well as any combination thereof.
Character traits of Alabai dogs
Nature decreed that alabai have great strength, they are hardy, fearless and at the same time can make decisions on their own. Studies have shown that these pets have very high intelligence. All these qualities in the complex make dogs versatile - they can graze cattle, protect, and also perform a protective function. In addition, in the homeland of these dogs are used for fighting.
In them the pack instinct was laid down for centuries, and they calmly obey those who are taller than them in the hierarchy. But despite this, very freedom-loving.
Representatives of this breed can be kept in urban environments, and in a country house. But pet owners should be aware that alabay tolerates bondage to a pet, so it’s not worth keeping it on a chain.
These menacing-looking dogs have a complex character that requires a special approach. To protect the house was more reliable, it is necessary to start two individuals at the same time - the male and the female. They will get along well with each other and perfectly complement each other. Bitches have increased caution, they often bark at the object of threat, while he is at a distance. However, they are more prone to obedience and do an excellent job with the teams.
Males are more reckless and at the same time, in case of danger, show all their aggression, acting without warning. For the protection of the territory it is not necessary to take several males, because according to the laws of the pack, they will sooner or later begin to fight for leadership. War often ends in blood. Bitches will also behave in this way, but their struggle is not so fierce.
Purebred pets have a very developed breeding instinct, so the owner of the female must necessarily knit her, at least 3-4 times, otherwise she will not be controlled and may show causeless aggression. The males, who have learned the bitch with heat, can work wonders - breaking fences, jumping over the highest barriers. To keep them you need a tall fence and a chain.
Planting this "formidable weapon", the owner must immediately prove his superiority. The dog must understand from the first that the owner in the house is a man. If the skills of training such dogs do not, then you should seek help from a professional canine. A specialist can make a pet not only a workhorse, but also a companion dog, able to get along with all members of the family, even small ones, and is tolerant of other animals.
Alabai are very easily offended and remember the offense for a long time, so no need to scold and punish them without good reason.
It will also be interesting to read reviews about alabai .
Features care for Alabai
Possessing a certain independence, the Alabai do not belong to the chain dogs, and this obliges the owners to take certain actions. Without requiring special care, dogs still need to follow certain rules:
- take long walks;
- play with a pet;
- feed in a certain place, observing the time period;
- time to vaccinate;
- sometimes combing wool, this is especially important during the period of abundant spring shedding.
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has a constant need for physical exertion. To throw out energy, the dog must move a lot, run. This will help the long walking. In addition, it is necessary to take for a walk where the animal can be pulled off the leash without a threat to the pet and others.
Alabayam necessarily require the attention of the owners. If you do not communicate with him, the pet may feel lonely, abandoned and unnecessary.
As for the content, for greater comfort, the dog should have an aviary . It can be purchased in finished form, ordered or erected on their own. In any case, the dog will feel better, being not in a cramped apartment and not on a leash. It is advisable to provide a fencing and a special doghouse. The pet will be able, when he pleases, to stretch his paws, move, or rest under the roof of the booth. In addition, it will have a fruitful effect on the mental state of the pet, since the alabai set on the chain becomes more unbalanced, more often shows aggression, and all the time tries to free itself.
If the dog is in an open-air cage, do not forget about regular walking. Only in this way can the pet get the necessary load. If there are no suitable conditions for keeping a representative of this breed, then maybe it makes sense to choose a dog that does not require the installation of an aviary?
What to feed alaby
Before becoming the owner of such a powerful dog, it is worth knowing what it needs to be fed? Indeed, the health, normal development and excellent well-being of a pet depend on a complete diet.
There is an opinion that dogs living in natural conditions should be fed the same way as they would eat, living in nature. However, first of all, the animal must be fed on two mandatory conditions - the food must be fresh, and feeding must be carried out twice a day, at the same time. The mode should be set at puppy age.
Eating kids and adult dogs is different. Young animals do not digest food that contains a large amount of calories. Puppies should not be given portions that exceed the norm, as this will teach the dog to eat more than he needs. This will subsequently adversely affect the work of the gastrointestinal tract, and indeed of the whole organism. And, in addition, will lead to obesity.
One and a half to two weeks puppies can be lured by warm cow's milk, with the addition of raw chicken eggs. Food for babies should have a liquid consistency. The diet should include meat and vegetable soups, cereals, boiled chopped vegetables, cottage cheese, yogurt, minced meat. As a natural vitamin supplements suitable fish oil, fresh herbs, beetroot and carrot tops.
The menu of the animal should include products containing as much protein as possible - milk and dairy products, various meats, sea fish, some types of cereals - buckwheat, rice, oatmeal, millet. Fats of animal origin can be included in the diet alabay, but it is better to refuse vegetable fats, since the organism of dogs of this breed practically does not assimilate them.
Alabai need salt, therefore it is necessary to salt the food of the dog (no more than 20 grams per day). Like other predators, in the menu of these pets the main food should be meat, it can be from domestic or wild animals. Vegetables, cereals, bread (gray or black) are added to the meat. Adult pet food is enriched with vitamins and microelements as well as babies. You can not give alabayam sharp bones and food, flavored with spices.
Read more about how to feed alabay .
Look at these amazing photos alabay.
How much are Central Asian Shepherd puppies
Of course, first of all, the price of puppies of any breed depends on how high their popularity and whether they are rare. Dogs with such character and considerable dimensions are most often taken for security purposes, and mostly in pairs - a boy and a girl. Naturally, such a union brings offspring, most often unplanned. Puppies do not have pedigrees, so you can buy them cheaply, their price varies around three to five thousand rubles.
Puppies that have a pedigree, will cost more - from 10 to 15 thousand rubles. If the baby is purchased from well-known breeders, born from titled parents, then its price starts from 20,000 rubles and above. Before you buy, you need to weigh all the pros and cons, given the characteristics of the Alabai breed, suitable conditions and the unusual nature of the pet.